After The Fire Chicago’s Leading Role In Modern American Architecture

After The Fire Chicago’s Leading Role In Modern American Architecture

The Great Fire of 1871 reduced the vast majority of the city of Chicago to a ruined heap of brick and ash. The devastation at the time could not possibly have been seen as an opportunity, but in truth the fire created a blank slate with which the great architects of the day could experiment.

The result over the next 50 years was a transformation of a regular Midwestern city into a world-class jewel of modern architectural beauty. Although New York can lay some claim to wonders of architecture, it is Chicago that most prides itself on its innovative accomplishments. Here is a brief overview of the changes that came After The Fire.

How it used to be

In the 40 or so years before the fire, Chicago grew by leaps and bounds both in the number of buildings and in the vast number of new residents, many of which were immigrants. However, very little planning went into the growth of the city; it consisted mainly of brick and mortar office buildings, factories, and a vast sea of wood shanties that were virtually thrown up overnight to accommodate the influx of people.

Streets were made of wood and sidewalks were made of wood: when the city received very little rainfall in the summer of 1871, conditions were ripe for disaster. On October 8, a full quarter of the city’s residential areas and nearly its entire business district went up in flames and 300 lives were lost.

What happened next

Chicago was (and still is) a city with a lot of heart and a lot of spunk. Nearly immediately, 50 million dollars was pumped into rebuilding efforts: this time with plenty of planning, foresight, and ingenuity. Only the best architects and engineers were hired to do the job, and the newest techniques in steel and other construction methods were used: this city was going to be not only a showpiece, it was also going to last.

The results

The great architect Louis Sullivan coined the famous phrase: “Form follows function,” and these words would come to define the city’s new sense of style during the rebuilding. The modern skyscraper was born in the Windy City, and although the initial one is long gone, many remain to be both used and admired as architectural marvels. The modern technology of steel framework made these skyscrapers possible and they are what give Chicago its distinctive and unique skyline. Other styles of architecture thrived as well, and many Art Deco buildings grace the downtown area.

Chicago is proud of its architecture and every important building is marked with a plaque, a date, and an attached history or interesting anecdote. Chicago boat tours are a popular way to easily view and learn about these buildings, as are walking tours. No one could have predicted over 170 years ago that The Great Fire would result in an even more beautiful city that would literally rise out of the ashes: but Chicago did just that.

Spanish Colonial Revival Style Architecture

Spanish Colonial Revival Style Architecture

Spanish revival architecture is hugely popular in California, and increasingly across the nation. The mission revival style and colonial revival styles grew in popularity at the beginning of the 20th century, but people today still chose to emulate the Spanish style when building their homes and public establishments. Why do people continue to use this Spanish style? I argue that the Spanish colonial style represents the very beginnings of the United States on the west coast, and this time in the US history continues to spark peoples imaginations. The aesthetic elements are iconic, and people still commission architects to create the homes of their dreams in this style.

The Spanish Colonial Revival style was created in the United States in the 20th century, and it was sparked after the opening of the Panama Canal. The novel Ramona also had a great influence on the popularity of this architectural style. The early Spanish colonies of North and South America had their particular style of architecture brought from the homeland, and this style was them updated to accommodate the new century in the US. Between 1915 and 1931 this style was all the rage, and movie stars in Hollywood clamored to get their Hollywood hills homes built in this style. Mostly the single-level detached home saw this style. On a personal note, my own grandmother has one of these homes in California, and its pink!

The Spanish Colonial Revival style is very similar to the Spanish Mission Revival style, but with a few key differences. Its also similar to the pueblo styles of the west and southwest, and influenced as well by the arts and crafts movement that was the foundation of these architectural styles. The iconic use of smooth plaster, stucco walls, and chimney finishes, clay tile roofs, terra cotta and concrete ornaments is still a highly noticeable, recognizable style. Other elements include porches and balconies, and Roman arcades and fountains. Youll also see canvas awnings. The most important Spanish Revival architect in California was George Washington Smith who practiced during 1920s and 1930s. Perhaps his most famous house is the Steedman House in Montecito, CA, now a museum called the Casa del Herrero.

But there are other architects who took this Spanish style across the globe. Take for example a lovely Spanish Revival building in St. Louis, by the architect T.P. Barnett, son of George I. Barnett; another famous architect in St. Louis. The T.P. Barnett building is particularly interesting because it also has Art Deco influences, making it one of the most unique buildings in the Grand Center region of St. Louis. Certainly the next time youre in St. Louis, you need to visit this Spanish Revival building on Washington Avenue.

Lead A Better Life Through Home Improvement

Lead A Better Life Through Home Improvement

Your daily attitude and the way you feel is closely related to your home and how it makes you feel. If you think about it, you spend a lot of your time there. If you don’t work outside the home, you spend even more time in the house. The comfort level of your home is an important factor in the way you feel about your daily life. You should insist that your home is somewhere you want to spend your time, it will make you feel better. Here are some smart tips for making your house feel like home.

When considering home improvements, keep your own comfort in mind. No home is perfect, but make up your mind to transform those more serious flaws that cause you daily irritation. Small transformations of this sort can brighten your everyday life. Things like replacing old, uncomfortable furniture can enhance the way your home looks and feels.

Try expanding the space you have. Being confined in the living area will prevent you from adequately rearranging the space. Solve this with an expansion. Even increasing the space by several feet can make a big difference.

If you expand your home with recreational areas, it will be more enjoyable. Fixtures like pools, hot tubs, and tether-ball poles serve the dual purpose of giving you more things to do around the house and increasing your home’s value.

Consider the lighting in your home. By bringing light into a formerly dark corner of your home, you will brighten the space as well as make the room look more spacious and welcoming. Replacing burnt out bulbs or changing the color or wattage of old bulbs is a simple way to make a room seem brighter and more inviting. Take this simple DIY project a step further by also updating your lighting fixtures.

Turning your backyard into a beautiful garden makes it feel like you are walking in a nice park. Whether you tend the garden yourself or hire a professional, you are sure to enjoy the many pleasures and positive aspects offered by this type of outdoor space. A garden is a place where stress melts away; where you breathe deeply of fresh, clean air. It is a place where you can relax amidst the beautiful flowers you have chosen to grow, or pick fresh herbs and vegetables for your dinner.

There are lots of ways to improve your home’s exterior. That way, you will be happy to see your home every time you come home.

Home improvement projects can have a tremendously positive effect on your mood and the quality of your life by making all the time you spend within your home more pleasant. Because of this, anything you can do to improve your home will benefit the house and your personal satisfaction.

Residential Solar Power 101 Essentials Of Solar Energy Panels

Residential Solar Power 101 Essentials Of Solar Energy Panels

Residential solar power is the power that relies on sunlight or the power of the sun to produce electricity in offices, residences, etc. You can produce this type of power if you have solar energy panels installed in your house. True, you can purchase panels or a solar powered kit for this purpose, but, if affordability is your main concern, youre better off with DIY solar panels.

For just a hundred dollars or an amount greater than $100 but less than $200, you can construct panels with your own two hands and with simple tools and materials. You may think that building the kits that provide residential solar power is difficult, but the truth is, the process is quite easy. You just have to follow the steps given in an e-book or a guide that concentrates on the topic of do it yourself solar energy panels. There are extremely affordable guides or resources found on the World Wide Web that will teach you to create a solar powered kit you can use for significant electricity bill reduction.

If you only have very tight budget for setting up DIY solar panels, you should be aware that there are second hand materials or bargain materials you can purchase from various websites, specifically from eBay, that will make it possible for you to start your residential solar power project. If you wish, you can opt to build the panels one by one until youve completed at least four solar energy panels that are sufficient in producing electricity for a one to two bedroom house.

The following are the basic materials you can use to come up with a solar powered kit:

1.Solar cells

2.A piece of plywood

3.Copper wires

4.Some glass sheets

5.A resource on how to create DIY solar panels

Remember to place the solar panels really close to batteries to decrease the possibility of loss of power in the cables. See to it too that the panels installed in the northern portion of the equator face southwards in order for them to receive enough amount of sun light everyday of the year. To make the most out of residential solar power, do not forget to clean the panels at least once a month. This just means wiping away the dirt or the dust that may have accumulated on your panels.

The use of solar energy panels is an effective and safe solution to your problem of expensive or sky high power bills. Instead of buying a solar powered kit thats not light on the pocket, you should opt to build DIY solar panels.

Antique Furniture and Decorations for Any Occasion

Antique Furniture and Decorations for Any Occasion

It seems like everyone today is out to make money. Sacrifices are often made to make way for mass-produced moneymaking. Furniture, for example, is often sought after today for its style, light weight, and inexpensive price tag. Much of the quality that used to go into furniture has been lost to modern manufacturing. This is one of the main reasons that leads people to the world of antiques. Antiques are classified as collectible items that are over 80 years old. They are usually prized for their beauty, rarity, condition, utility, and sentimentality. Antiques are unique, historical, and beautiful. Antiques were made in a time when craftsmanship was highly prized, so they are made by expert hands. You can purchase antiques from auction houses, estate sales, and antique shops. There are many great antique sources that provide quality antiques in good condition. Many antique sources will import their antiques from overseas. Nations rich in history and design in Europe, the Middle East, and Asia are often huge sources for antiques. Antique stores likeCastle Antiques, Inc. import regularly from overseas to supply you with the most beautiful, historical, and unique pieces. Antique Furniture and More >

Antique furniture is what most people think of when they hear the word antiques. Although furniture like beds, dressers, desks, and tables are a big portion of antiques, there are many other items to look into as well. These might include automobiles, tools, clothing, jewelry, kitchenware, and more. If you own an antique that is in less-than-mint condition, stores likeCastle Antiques, Inc.not only sell antiques, but they repair and restore them as well! That way, your precious antique won’t deteriorate and fall apart. You can enjoy your purchase or family heirloom for years to come. Antiques have so much style and personality backed by superb craftsmanship that will only add to your home. Castle Antiques & Design , open to the public, we are one of the largest importers of antique furnishings in the greater Los Angeles area. Established in 1975 as a major wholesaler to antique dealers and interior designers. We now offer retail, wholesale, rental, staging, repairs, restoration and custom made services at Castle Antiques, Inc.

Qualitytips For Do It Yourself Home Improvement

Qualitytips For Do It Yourself Home Improvement

Regardless of whether you just want visual improvements to your surroundings, or you want to boost the value of your investment, home improvement projects are great for just about everyone. Consider the tips in this article before you begin your next home improvement.

It’s important that you are having fun in any home improvement job you choose. While you do need to take the work seriously, it should still be fun. You may mess up if you aren’t enjoying yourself. Consider hiring a professional if you feel that this is happening to you.

Designate ample space for trash and debris when planning out your renovation project. Demolition can make quite a mess, and you will need a space for it. By planning a spot to put this debris, you won’t end up with piles getting in your way.

Vacuum cabinets before cleaning them. The loose dirt will be easier to remove. Use soap and water to scrub your shelves and cabinets clean. Start at the highest point and move down as you clean. If there are liners present, this would be a great time to replace those and also repair anything that needs repairing, such as sagging shelves.

Reputable contractors do not expect all of the money to be paid upfront before the job starts. $2,500 is about the most you should pay up front, and not more than 10 percent when work begins. Never pay more than needed.

For a peaceful feel in any room, choose analogous colors. Analogous color schemes are right next to one another in the color wheel, a good example is red and orange, violet and blue, or green and yellow. This type of color scheme is more relaxing and is especially suited to areas like the bedroom or family room.

Watch out for local weather. If you generally have a lot of rain or inclement weather, you may need to think of outdoor projects that will help combat that. You could add a roof and wind-breaking elements to help with the issue, but they are going to cost you much more money that you may not want to invest.

Building and installing a home bar in the basement is a fun and worthwhile project. It can be a real passion project for many that like to design their own bigger projects. No matter the design or approach, adding a bar to the home can be a great improvement.

Do not let home improvement intimidate you. Home improvement is something that anyone can do. No matter if it’s something as simple as a new paint job or a whole new kitchen, it can bring comfort and value to your home. Take the advice written in this article, and go to the nearest home improvement shop to get started.

Feng Shui Water Fountains In Your Office Or Home Will Bring You Peace And Relaxation

Feng Shui Water Fountains In Your Office Or Home Will Bring You Peace And Relaxation

Feng shui water fountains has a unique ability for bringing a sense of harmony and tranquility into a room. For this reason, many corporate offices have started using these water fountains. These fountains actually have the ability to lower the noise decibels in a room, making it sound quieter than it really is.

This allows for one to feel peaceful an calm. This is a great way to keep down the stress and tension that can build on many corporate offices. There are different types of these feng shui water fountains that you can choose from to place in your office.

Many offices become loud and raise your stress level through the roof. When this happens, it is often times hard to find a way to relieve this stress and keep our bodies healthy. With the use of the feng shui water fountains, it is now possible to keep the noise in your corporate office down and reduce the stress level for every one around.

Not only can these fountains be used to reduce stress among you and your employees, but it will also give your clients a sense of harmony and tranquility as they walk into your office area. Now there are two main types of these water fountains for you to choose from. Two of the most popular types of these fountains are the table tops and wall mounted water fountains.

If you have a large office, you may want to incorporate more than one fountain throughout the area. To allow for total and complete control over the noise decibels and stress control. In choosing the right water fountain to display in your office to gain these effects is something that can be done alone, however, many people often opt to get outside assistance in choosing the right fountain to provide you with the desired abilities.

There are many reasons why you should use a feng shui water fountain in your office. Noise and stress level are just a couple that can be benefited from using them. These fountains can also be a good way to allow us to concentrate on our work. Without stress or noise we can focus on what we are doing.

There are many different types of offices and businesses that use these water fountains to control the noise level and have great success with their business. If your office suffers from high stress levels and noise volume, then you should look into these fountains as a means of getting it under control.